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FAQ  . htaccess files

  1. How do I setup Redirects?

 2. How do I customize error messages for my site?

 3. How do I add mime types?

 4. What are .htaccess files?


1.  How do I setup Redirects? - Top
       

    Redirecting allows you to send the user to, for example, 'new.html ' when they attempt to access 'old.html'.

    To see this example in practice, simply add the following line (This should be typed as one
    single line without breaks) to the '.htaccess' file:

    Redirect /directory/old.html
    http://yourdomain.com/directory/new.html
     
         


    2.  How do I customize error messages for my site? - Top
           

    You can customize error messages (404 Not Found, for example) by creating a file called .htaccess and including the appropriate entries. This file should be uploaded to your root directory (i.e., the "www" folder for your account).

    Some of the most common messages are as follows:

    Error in Client
    400 Bad syntax
    401 Unauthorized
    402 Not Used (Payment Granted)
    403 Forbidden
    404 Not Found

    Error in Server
    500 Internal Error
    501 Not Implemented
    502 Overloaded
    503 Gateway Timeout

    You can customize error messages for your site as follows:
    Create the HTML page you want to use as your error message and upload it to your web directory (/home/username/www). Next, edit your .htaccess file (or create one using a text editor) and add lines which specify the substitution.

    Here are three examples of specifying error documents which will be called for a given error condition (note that you can use relative "thisfile.html" or absolute addressing "http://www .yourdomain.com/thisfile.html"):

    ErrorDocument 401 http://yourdomain.com/nopasswordd.html
    ErrorDocument 403 /forbidden.html
    ErrorDocument 404 http://www.yourdomain.com/nofile.html

    Please note that Windows will not allow you to create a file called .htaccess. It will be necessary to create this file using another name and then rename it once you have uploaded it to your site.

    If you use FrontPage to publish your web page(s), custom .htaccess files cannot be used.


     
         


    3.  How do I add mime types? - Top
           

    You can add mime types to your .htaccess file with a line like:

    AddType text/html .txt
     
          


    4.  What are .htaccess files? - Top
           

    Important Note: Do not edit the .htaccess file if you are using MS Frontpage! Frontpage uses the .htaccess file, and editing it may cause errors in your configuration.

    The .htaccess file can be placed in one or more of your /home/username/www subdirectories. Among other things, this file can be used to restrict access to other files and web pages.

    When a request for a web page is made, the web server first checks for an .htaccess file. The server begins this check by looking for .htaccess in the root of the current web directory, and on down the directory tree until it reaches the the
    directory where the requested file resides. Since the placement of the .htaccess file determines when it is executed, this fact can be used to restrict access only in certain subdirectories.

    To create an .htaccess file, make a text file as described below and upload it as ".htaccess"
    Except for the first function, these will only work for an .htaccess file placed in $-www. Add whichever functions you want to the same file.
     
         

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