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How do I setup cron jobs in CPanel?

*This article assumes you are already logged into CPanel*

 

In the 7th row, 1st to the left you will see an icon labeled as Cron Jobs. Click on it.

 

This page will have 2 buttons. These are:

 

Standard

Advanced (Unix Style)

 

We will first cover the Standard option. Click on the button labeled as Standard to proceed to the next page.

 

You will see several options on this page. These are:

 

Please enter an email address where the cron output will be sent:

Command to run:

Minute(s)

Hour(s)

Month(s)

Day(s)

Weekday(s)

 

First, fill out the box at the top of the page with the email address where all the cron reports will be sent to.

 

Now, in the second box down this is where you will type in the command that you will be setting up the cron job to perform. Do so now.

 

Once you have done this, select from amongst the boxes below the designated time(s) that the script will run. After doing this, click on the button labeled as Save Crontab. This will take you to a new page telling you that the new cron job has been setup.

 

Advanced Users Only: If you already know how to setup a cron job and have experience with it then you may skip right to the button labeled as Advanced.

 

To setup a cron job in the Advanced section do the following:

 

Enter the email address where the email containing the cron job reports will be sent at the top of the page.

 

Next, you will see several boxes. These are:

 

Minute

Hour

Day

Month

Weekday

Command

 

The default setup is: * * 0 0 0 which means that the script will be run at midnight. You can modify the settings to anything you wish simply by changing the values in the boxes. Once you have done so, enter the command that will be performed in the box labeled as Command.

 

Now, click on the button labeled as Commit Changes. You will be taken to a new page where it will tell you that the cron job has been created.

 

How do I use the network tools in CPanel?

*This article assumes you are already logged into CPanel*

 

In the 7th row, 2nd to the right you will see an icon labeled as Network Tools. Click on it.

 

On this page you will see two options. These are:

 

Domain Lookup

Trace Route

 

If you wish to use the domain lookup feature, type in the name of the domain in the box and click on the button labeled as Lookup. This will take you to a new page where detailed information regarding the domain will be shown.

 

To use the trace route feature, click on the link that reads as Trace Route. This will do a trace route from the server to your computer which will display information showing any latency between you and the server. 

How do I add new MIME types in CPanel?

*This article assumes you are already logged into CPanel*

Before we begin: What does MIME stand for? Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions. MIME types allow you to view non-ASCII formats in both your internet browser and email (.jpg files for example).

This feature is not available for FrontPage users, any Mime types needed by FP users, will have to be added using FrontPage.
 

About Mime types
The MIME Types option in your Control Panel allows you to set certain programs to be used for specific extensions.

In easier-to-understand terms, MIME Types helps your web  server to identify what type of file is being requested by your browsers. For instance, when the web server gets a request from a browser such as Internet Explorer or Netscape, for a file  that ends in .html, the web server knows that it is an html document because that extension is stored in the Mime Type. If the web server gets a request from a browser for a file that  ends in .gif, the web server knows that it is an image because that too is stored in the Mime Types. This applies to every file, image, application, etc. that may be requested by a web  browser. If the extension is not stored within the Mime Type, the web server will not recognize it and will not be able to assist the browser and that particular file type will not be viewable by  the user.

Mime types are identified by the server by the following format:


subtype/type extension

To add a Mime type:

In the 7th row, 3rd to the right there is an icon labeled as MIME Types. Click on it.

 

On this page you will see 2 boxes along with a list of all the currently installed MIME types.

 

To begin, enter the MIME type you will be adding in the first box to the left. In the box to the right of that, enter the extensions the MIME type will be associated with.

 

Once you have entered the designated information, click on the button labeled as Add. This will take you to a page telling you that the new MIME type has been added. 

 

How do I add an apache handler in CPanel?

*This article assumes you are already logged into CPanel*

 

In the 7th row, 4th to the right there is an icon labeled as Apache Handlers. Click on it.

 

On this page you will see two boxes. In the first box to the left, enter the extension(s) which will be added to the new handler. Once you have done so, in the box across from it enter the actual handler that you will be adding.

 

Now that you have entered the required information, click on the button labeled as Add. This will take you to a new page telling you that the new handler has been added.

How do I add/import an OpenPGP key?

*This article assumes you are already logged into CPanel*

 

In the 7th row, 5th to the right there is an icon labeled as Manage OpenPGP Keys. Click on it.

 

This page will show a list of public and private keys should there be any. To add a new key click on the link on the bottom of the page that reads as Add Key.

 

Now, you will see several boxes labeled as:

 

Your Name

Your Email

Comment/Nickname

Key Password (blank for none)

Expire Date

Key Size

 

Fill out the first 2 boxes with your name and your email address. In the 3rd box down enter any comments or nicknames you wish to add to the key.

 

In the 4th box, should you wish to add a password to the key (recommended in some cases) then enter it here. When entering your password you should use a combination of letters and numbers as to make it more secure.

 

In the 5th box down enter the date in which you wish for the key to expire. It could be any number of days, weeks or years. The default is 1y which transltes into 1 year. You may modify this as you wish or leave it as is.

 

Lastly, in the drop down box choose the key size. The default is 1024 but you may make it larger if you wish.

 

After filling in all the required information click on the button labeled as Generate Key. This will take you to a new page telling you that your key has been created.

 

Importing an OpenPGP Key: Should you wish to import a key, click on the link labeled as Import Key on the main OpenPGP page. This will take you to a new page with an empty box. Enter your key in this box and then click on the button labeled as Import.

 

This will take you to a new page telling you that the key has been imported. You may now start using the key on your domain.

 

How do I enable hotlink protection in CPanel?

*This article assumes you are already logged into CPanel*

 

In the 8th row, 1st to the left there is an icon labeled as Hotlink Protection. Click on it.

 

On this page there are 3 boxes. These are:

 

Urls to Allow Access

Extensions to allow (seperate by commas)

Url to Redirect to

 

In the first box on top, enter any and all URLs which will be allowed to hotlink the images on your website.

 

Now, in the second box enter all the extensions that sites will be able to hotlink to. The default extensions are jpg,jpeg,gif,png, and bmp.

 

Once you have done this, enter the URL which sites that attempt to hotlink off you without protection will be re-directed to.

 

Lastly, click on the button labeled as Activate. Upon doing so this will take you to a new page telling you that hotlink protection has been enabled with a list of all sites that have access.

 How do I modify the index settings for my domain?

*This article assumes you are already logged into CPanel*

 

In the 8th row, 2nd to the right there is an icon labeled as Index Manager. Click on it.

 

This page displays a list of all the directories for your domain/subdomains.

 

Find the directory which you wish to modify the index settings for. Once you have done so, click on the name of the directory (not the folder icon).

 

This will take you to a page where you are presented with 4 options. These are:

 

Default System Setting

No Indexes

Standard Indexing (text only)

Fancying Indexing (graphics)

 

Choose which option you want. If you choose No Indexes then if there is no index in that folder the files won't be displayed.

 

Once you have done so, click on the button labeled as Save. You will be taken to a new page telling you that the index settings have been updated. 

How do I prevent a certain IP from accessing my website?

*This article assumes you are already logged into CPanel*

 

In the 8th row, 3rd to the right there is an icon labeled as IP Deny Manager. Click on it.

 

On this page you will see 2 boxes. These are:

 

IP Address

Remove an IP Deny

 

In the first box this is where you will enter the IP which you wish to deny access to your website. Once doing so, click on the button labeled as Add. Once you have done so you will be taken to a new page telling you that the IP has been denied access to your website.

 

The box labeled as Remove an IP Deny will show a list of all currently banned IP's. If you wish to remove a banned IP, click on the drop down box, select the IP to remove and then click on the button labeled as Remove. This will take you to a new page telling you that the IP has been successfully removed.

 

 

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