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Creating Files and Directories

Files and Directories can be created within File Manager.

1. From File Manager, click on the field called Create Folder.

  • On the right of the screen you will see the form below

Create a folder in named


 2. Type the name of the directory you want to create in this field.   Select the Create button.

3. The File Manager reappears with the newly created directory in the  listing.

How To Create a File in File Manager:

1. From the File Manager, move to and click on the field entitled Create New File.

2. On the right of the screen the form below will appear

Create a file in named


3. To create a new file, type the new file name in the field  shown above.

3. Select the file type from the drop down list and click on the Create button.

Uploading Files

You can upload files from your local computer to your  site using File Manager.

 1. In File Manager, Click on the up arrow next to the caption Upload Files.









2. If you know the full path and filename for the file you would like  to upload, type it into the field and skip the next step.  If you do not,  select the Browse… button.

3. In the File Upload window, select the file that you would like  to upload.  You may have to change the Files of type field for your  file to  be displayed in this window.  Select the file for uploading by  double-clicking it or by highlighting it with a single click and selecting  the Open button.  The File Upload window closes and you return to  the File Manager..You can repeat this for up to 12 files.which can then be uploaded simultaneously


         approximately 10 Mb.









4. Select the Upload button.  A new page displays informing you  that  the file you selected has been uploaded.

5. To return to File Manager, select the File Manager Main Menu link.  To return to the main Control Panel page, select the Home link located in the left corner of the top upper frame.

File Manager

Similar to Microsoft Windows Explorer in function, the File Manager Option in the Control Panel allows you to perform file management tasks  such as creating files and directories, setting the read, write or execute   permissions on the files and directories in your site, renaming or deleting  files or directories, and editing files

Navigating in File Manager

The files in your site are stored in directories.   Directories can hold other  sub -directories.  The result is a directory  structure that can have many sub-levels.  Any of those directories can  contain files.  How you organize  your directory structure is up to you.

1. From the Control Panel, select the File Manager icon.  The File Manager window appears:

 2. Once the File Manager window has opened, you will see a listing of  directories and files located in your Current Directory , the path  of which is displayed at the top of the listing .


The Permission, Delete, Rename, and Edit functions will  be discussed  later in this section.

3. Each directory and file within the listing will appear as a hypertext   link.with an icon next to it, links appear white and underlined.  Simply click  on any icon to drill down into that directory.  In the case of a file, clicking  on its icon or link will bring up the list of options below.

File Type: HTML document text

Show File   Clicking this will open the file in another window for viewing
Delete File  Clicking this link will delete the file permanantly
Edit File      This will open the file for editing in another window
Change Permissions Clicking this brings up the form below for changing file  permissions, to do this just click the check boxes to get the correct file permissions then click change




























Rename File  Brings up the rename file form below:fill in the file name and click rename

Rename index.html in /home/username/public_html to

Copy File Allows you to copy the file from it's current location to a folder that you select after choosing this option
Move File Allows you to move the file from it's current location to a folder that you select after choosing this option


Changing File and Directory Permissions

Permissions can be set for your directories and files.   These  permissions determine who can view, write to, and/or use the directories  and folders in your site.

 The permission settings are each comprised of nine letters (or characters)  in a row that appear to the far left of the listing for each directory or  file.   Each letter represents a type of access, while the position in the  nine-digit string dictates who has that type of access.

The characters displayed in these settings can be r = 4, w = 2, x = 1 or -.

         r stands for read  access ; whoever has this level of access can view the file or directory.

          w stands for write  access ; whoever has this level of access can  overwrite existing files  or write new files in the specified directory.

         x stands for execute  access ; whoever has this level of access can run executable files.

         - (the dash) indicates  that no permission is given.

 The first three positions in the nine-digit string are the permission settings  for the owner .  The second three digits are for any groups (if  any groups are created), while the last three digits are the permission  settings for others (anyone who is not the owner, or is not a part  of a previously declared group).

How To Change Permission Settings on Files and  Directories:

1. From within the File Manager screen, click on any of the Permission  Setting links for the desired file or directory.  The Change Permission screen displays





























2. The Change permission of file or directory name message  indicates which file or directory permissions you are changing.  Once a   directory's permissions are set, you can access specific sub-directories  and files within the directory to alter the settings on an individual basis.

3. Notice in the Change Permission screen the nine-digit setting  is split up into the groups that were discussed earlier: User or Owner, Group and Others or the World.

 4. As the owner of the file or directory, typically you should have full  access, so all three settings r, w, x (read, write, execute) should be selected.

 5. If you have set up groups (which involves the creation of a group  and the addition of usernames into the group) select the appropriate permission  settings.

      If this group is a collection of people to which you are giving  the ability to see and use files which you are otherwise denying to other  people, then select the read and execute settings.

     If this group is more of a workgroup, containing members who  will be working with files and directories on your site, then it would  be  appropriate to select the write setting also.

6. The Other settings depend on how much access you want to give  provide globally

      Typically, both read and execute access are given to everyone  while write access is denied.  This allows people to view and use your  site  without being able to change it.

     However, there may be items that you wish to keep hidden from  globally, in which case you would disable the read and, depending on the   file or directory, execute permissions.

7. When all of the settings are correct, select the Change button  to  finalize the changes.  The File Manager window reappears with the new  settings.

Deleting Files and Directories

Specific files and directories can be deleted from your  site using the File Manager option.


          Be sure to verify that  the files and directories you select for deletion are indeed ones you want  to delete.

 1. From the File Manager, select the file by clicking on the name of the file or directory then click on the Delete link that appears in the adjacent frame.               The Delete Confirmation page displays.


         Deleting a directory  automatically deletes all files and subdirectories located within it.


          When deleting a file,  the Delete Confirmation page displays the message " Delete File: Filename?"

 2. If you are sure that you want to delete the file or directory, select  the Confirm button.

3. After Confirm has been selected, the File Manager reappears, open  to  the most recent directory.

Renaming Files and Directories

Files and directories can each be renamed using the  File Manager option.

1. From the File Manager, select the file or directory by clicking on it's name, the Rename link that corresponds  to the file or directory will appear in the adjacent frame click on this link.  The Rename Confirmation form displays.

Rename index.html in /home/username/public_html to


2. If you are sure that you want to rename the file or directory, type  the  new name in the blank field and click the Rename button.

3. After Confirm has been selected, the File Manager reappears, open  to the most recent directory.


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